Table of Correspondences

Classical Greek Diacritical Marks Latin Transcription Beta Code Transliteration Latin Transliteration Modern Greek Transcription Modern English Transcription
’ (smooth breathing mark) ignored ) ignored non-existent ignored
‘ (rough breathing mark) h ( h non-existent h
/ (acute accent mark) ignored / ignored ignored ignored
\ (grave accent mark) ignored \ ignored non-existent ignored
^ (circumflex accent mark) ignored = ignored non-existent ignored
@ (dieresis mark) ignored + ignored @ (dieresis mark) ignored
Greek Letter Latin Transcription Beta Code Transliteration Latin Transliteration Modern Greek Transcription Modern English Transcription
a (alpha)

short a

long a

ai

au

v

a

short a

long a

ae

au

a

A

A

A

AI

AU

A|

a

a

a

ai

au

ai

a

non-existent

non-existent

e

af, av

non–existent

a

a

a

ai

au

a

b (beta) b B b v b
g (gamma)

gg

gk

gx

gc

gn

g

ng

nc

nx

nch

nc

G

GG

GK

GC

GX

GN

g

gg

gk

gx

gch

gn

g

ng

g (initial) ng (medial)

nx

nh

nk

g

ng

nk

nx

nkh

nk

d (delta) d D d d d
e (epsilon)

ei

 

eu

e (short e)

before a consonant, long i although in some cases, long e; before a vowel, long e or long i eu

E

EI

 

EU

e

ei

 

eu

e

i

 

ef or ev

e

ei

 

eu

z (zeta) z Z z z z
h (eta)

hu

V

e (long e)

eu

e (long e)

H

HU

H|

e^

u or e^u

i or e^i

i

if, iv

non–existent

e

eu

e

q (theta) th Q th th th
i (iota)

short i

long i

i before a vowel

iota subscript - see v, V, J

i

short i

long i

i (j after 1500)

I

I

I

I

i

i

i

i

i

non-existent

non-existent

y

i

i

i

i

k (kappa) k K k k k
l (lamda) l L l l l
m (mu) m M m m

mp (initial) = b

mp (medial) = mp

m
n (nu) n N n n

nt (initial) = d

nt (medial) = nd or nt

n
x (ksi) x C x x x
o (omicron)

oi

ou

o (short o)

oe

long u

O

OI

OU

o

oi

ou

o

i

ou

o

oi

ou

p (pi) p P p p p
r (rho)

r

rh

R

R/

r

rh

r

non-existent

r

rh

s (initial or medial sigma)
j (terminal sigma)
s

s

S

S

s

s

s

s

s

s

t (tau) t T t t t
u (upsilon)

short u

long u

ui

y

short y

long y

y

U

U

U

U|

u

u

u

ui

i

non-existent

non-existent

yi

y or u

y or i

y or u

y

f (phi) ph F ph f ph
c (chi) ch X ch h kh
y (psi) ps, bs (chalybs from cluy, -boj) Y ps ps ps
w (omega)

wu

J

long o

ou

long o

W

WU

W|

or o^

u or o^u

i or o^i

o

ou

non–existent

o

ou

o

 

In proper names and nouns and adjectives (usually based on proper names or place names) in Latin transcription, to allow regular Latin declension of nouns, Greek declension ending are replaced by Latin declension endings: thus:

Greek Termination Latin Termination
-oj -us, er
-on -um
-h -a or long e
-wn -o or -on
-ai -ae
-aioj -aeus or -ensis
-eioj -eus
-euj -ensis
-oi -i
-hj -a
-eiwn -ensis or -ides