Ethical and Legal Issues

This section contains manuscripts examining topics involving ethical and legal issues.

Bol, Jam Willem and John B Gifford  .,“Methics: Teaching Ethics in the Retailing Classroom”,ACRA, Spring 1988.The authors outline a game similar to Scrupples which they have designed to expose students to ethics in the classroom.

Burns, David J.,“An Examination of Ethical Perceptions of Retail Situations and Machiavellianism”.ACRA, Spring 1993.A re-exploration of the possible relationship between one’s level of Machiavellianism and ethical perceptions of questionable retail situations. The study’s findings are consistent with previous research.

Burns, David J and Jeanette Jaussand Arbuthnot , “Ethics in Retail Buying: Perceptions of Future Retail Personnel: A Preliminary Examination”,ACRA Retail Conference, 1998.The objective of this empirical study is to provide a basis for understanding ethics in the relationship between retailers and vendors among future retail personnel. First, the literature on ethics in industrial buying will be explored to provide a foundation for this study. Second, the importance of examining the ethics of the relationships with vendors by retailer will be established, Finally the ethical perceptions of future retail buyers based on a number of potentially ethically troublesome situations involving vendors will be identified.

Burns, David J and Jeffrey K “Retail Ethical Perceptions of Business Students: An Interinstitutional Comparison”,ACRA, Spring 1990.A study that further investigates and compares the ethical perceptions of undergraduate business students attending a major midwest public university were compared to those students attending a private conservative protestant college.

Burns, David J, “Abstract of Ethical Perceptions of Business Students on Retail Situations: Residential Versus Commuter Campuses”,ACRA, April 1992, Dallas
The objective of this study was to further investigate and compare the ethical perceptions of undergraduate business students attending differing universities. The ethical perceptions of students attending a public residential university will be compared with those of students attending public commuter universities.

Burns, David J., “Potentially ethically troublesome practices in the retail food industry:
Relationship between intentions and perceived frequency of occurrence among future retail personnel,” ACRA, Winter 2004, New York. The focus of this study is on intentions.  Specifically, this study examines the intentions of future retail buyers to engage in potentially ethically troublesome buying practices in the retail food industry, and relates these intentions to their ethical assessments and to the perceived frequency by which these practices occur in the industry. The findings suggest that student’s ethical assessments may affect their intentions to engage in potentially ethically troublesome buying practices. The findings indicate that perceived incidence of the practice is related to the intentions to pursue the practice for only some of the practices. It appears, therefore, that the students may view this practice differently from the others.

Kaufman, Carol Felker and Paul M Lane, “Facing the Challenge of the Americans with Disabilities Act: A Research Agenda “,The ADA issued in an era of enforced accommodations adopted by retail businesses for challenged shoppers. However, while the act outlined numerous accessibility issues, retailers may find that implementation is difficult due to their incomplete understanding of the experience of challenged shoppers in their stores. In the present paper, the authors propose a framework which may uncover hidden problems which retail environments may pose.

Pearson, Michael and John Brockhoeft , “The Legal Foundations of a Retail Transaction: Contract Law and the Uniform Commercial Code” ,ACRA/NRF January 2000 , New York City.This article examines the legal foundation of a retailer transaction. A ten-question test is presented to introduce students to some of the interesting coverage areas of contract law and the Uniform Commercial Code (UCC). Following the administration of this test, brief summaries of contract law, relevant legal terms, and the history of the UCC are presented. After this introduction each question is answered and discussed. The paper’s main objective is to present an interesting way in which the legal implication of a typical retail sale can be presented in the classroom

Porter, Catharine , “Ethical Management: Where Does It Begin?”,ACRA, April 1992 Dallas.This article asks questions of how retailers present and future are viewing ethical management. It covers things that should be thought about when considering ethical management.